Mayflower Hospital (Billericay RDC Hospital) TQ 666 955 102798

St Andrew’s Hospital (Billericay Union Workhouse) TL 678 952 100679


Black Notley Hospital (Black Nodey Sanatorium) TL 766 201 102796


Braintree and Bocking Cottage Hospital TL 764 246 101419

St Michael’s Hospital (Braintree Union Workhouse) TL 751 231 100680

William Julien Courtauld Hospital (Braintree and Bocking Cottage Hospital) TL 753 227 101418


Brentwood Community Hospital, Crescent Drive (Brentwood District Hospital). This general hospital was built as Brentwood District Hospital in 1934 to the designs of Hugo R. Bird. Of stock brick with red-brick dressings, it comprised a three-storey administration and staff building, with two single-storey wings extending north at the ends; one of these contained the kitchen, the other housed the surgical department. A large, two-storey, flat-roofed ward wing projected south into a garden at the rear, with general wards at the end, arranged in the shape of a letter ‘T’, to limit the overall length of the block. This was to have been supplemented at a later date by two further ward wings, but these were never built. There are numerous post-1948 additions on the south side, all in similar materials and style to the original buildings .TQ 604 942 101278

High Wood Hospital, Ongar Road (Highwood School). Originally built in 1904 by the Metropolitan Asylums Board (MAB) for children with ophthalmia, this hospital is better known for the forty-year period (1919-1959) when it treated children suffering form pulmonary tuberculosis (Tb). Designed on a ‘cottage home plan’, it comprised five self-sufficient groups of cottage wards – each with its own playrooms, dining-rooms and staff accommodation – grouped around two garden courts. There was also a central group of administration and schoolhouse buildings. During the 1930s sun balconies were added to some of the patients’ blocks by the London County Council (LCC). An Emergency Medical Scheme (EMS) hospital was erected to the west of the hospital site during World War Two. TQ 589 946 101277

St Faith’s Hospital, London Road (Shoreditch Industrial School). The main building at St Faith’s Hospital was originally built as an industrial school by the Shoreditch Trustees of the Poor in 1854. The three blocks to the east were added in 1879 and resemble hospital or dormitory blocks, having large rooms with opposing windows and sanitary annexes. The school was taken over by the Hackney Board of Guardians in 1885 as a branch for their workhouse and was later developed as a home for epileptics. After 1917 the Metropolitan Asylums Board (MAB) made arrangements with Hackney for the home to receive 300 female epileptics. In 1930 the hospital changed its name to St Faiths when it was passed to the London County Council (LCC). In 1948 the hospital became a part of the National Health Service (NHS) and it had closed by 1992. TQ 587 936 101279

Warley Hospital (Essex County Lunatic Asylum) TQ 588 923 101251


Burnham-on-Crouch Cottage Hospital TQ 951 961 101422


Chelmsford and Essex Hospital, New London Road (Chelmsford Infirmary and Dispensary). This general hospital was erected in 1882-3 as an infirmary and dispensary, and comprised a two-storey administration and ward block with, at the rear, an adjoining single-storey dispensary annexe. Both buildings were of brick, with dressings of stone, and the architect was F. Chancellor. The hospital was reconstructed and enlarged in 1909 by Keith Young, who erected a new, modern ward unit on the site of one of the original wards and greatly improved the sanitary facilities. Many buildings were added to the site in subsequent years, including a nurses’ home and four new ward wings, transforming Chelmsford and Essex Hospital into a large general hospital. The hospital is now closed and most of the site has been cleared for redevelopment, with only the original two buildings, a later X-ray department and a Grade 2 listed house remaining. TL 707 065 101245

St John’s Hospital, Wood Street (Chelmsford Union Workhouse). The early eighteenth-century workhouse at Chelmsford was replaced in c.1837 by a new building in Wood Street. To this was added an infectious ward in 1877, but a fire in 1886 resulted in extensive rebuilding work and it is unclear how much, if any, of the older buildings survive. The main adiministration block is on the north side of the site with the dining-hall, chapel and kitchen to the rear. Linked to this block are a series of three-storey wings which presumably contained the accommodation for the paupers. A detached infirmary was provided in the rebuilding scheme but it is not clear which block this might be on the present site. A new infirmary, added in 1926 by the architects Tooley and Foster, was built to the south with the new nurses’ home adjacent. These are both brick, three-storeyed buildings; the nurses’ home is quite attractive with half-timbered gables and swept roofs. A number of Emergency Medical Scheme (EMS) hutted ward blocks were built on land behind the infirmary and nurses’ home. The hospital was transferred first to Essex County Council in 1930 and then to the National Health Service (NHS) in 1948 and remains in use as a general hospital. TL 699 049 101244


Clacton and District Hospital (Clacton and District Cottage Hospital) TM 172 144 101420

Middlesex Hospital Convalescent Home, Holland Road TM 184 157 BF101423. This convalescent home was established in 1896 for Middlesex Hospital patients. The 3-storey building is T-shaped and brick-built with corridors and staircases of cement-concrete and verandahs for 54 patients. Isolation block to NE.

Reckitt Convalescent Home TM 187 157 BF101424. Founded by private donation in 1909 as a branch of the Royal Northern Hospital. Brick-built convalescent home for 20 adults and 5 children. Rectangular lodge housing 2-bed isolation ward. Designed by H. Edmund Mathews.


Essex County Hospital (Essex and Colchester General Infirmary) TL 989 248 101417

Essex Hall Hospital (Eastern Counties’ Asylum for Idiots) TL 992 263 101600

Medical Reception Station (Colchester Military Hospital) TL 995 237 100719

Severalls Hospital (Second Essex County Asylum; Severalls County Asylum) TL 993 283 101579

Turner Village Hospital (Royal Eastern Counties’ Institution) TL 996 273 101578


St Margaret’s Hospital (Epping Union Workhouse) TL 469 028 101344


Baddow Road Hospital (Chelmsford Joint Isolation Hospital). A small infectious diseases hospital, designed in 1893 by J. C. Smith of Chelmsford for the Chelmsford Union Rural Sanitary Authority. An additional ward block was built in c.1904 to designs by Pye and Bacon. TL 718 055 101246


Halstead Hospital (Halstead Cottage Hospital) TL 814 310 101413

Halstead UDC Infectious Diseases Hospital TL 809 300 102797


Harwich and District Hospital (Rosebank House; Harwich and District Cottage Hospital and Fryatt Memorial) TM 243 312 101421


Forest Place Nursing Home, Roebuck Lane, Buckhurst Hill (Foresthill Hospital). The cottage hospital at Buckhurst Hill had been established by 1870 but moved to a new site in Roebuck Lane in 1911. It was built on a T-plan with a two-storeyed administration section and a single-storey ward wing, in a pleasant, vernacular style. Two substantial wings were added to the north in the inter-war period. Although the building is no longer in use as a hospital it survives with relatively few modern alterations. TQ 415 944 101336


St Peter’s Hospital, Spital Road (Maldon Union Workhouse). A typical provincial workhouse of the early 1870s, built of red brick in a simpified Tudor style. It comprises three parallel ranges – workhouse, services and infirmary – with a small chapel and gate-lodge at the entrance. The architect was F. Peck. TL 845 068 101243


Ongar and District Cottage Hospital TL 553 042 101414

Ongar War Memorial Hospital (Ongar and District War Memorial Hospital) TL 552 044 101415


Rochford Hospital (Rochford Union Workhouse) TQ 873 908 101250


Runwell Hospital (Runwell Mental Hospital). This large mental hospital was provided by the County Boroughs of East Ham and Southend-on-Sea and was designed in 1933 by Elcock and Sutcliffe for 1,032 patients. It was planned on the villa system, whereby the patients were accommodated in detached blocks which were  designed to be as homelike as possible. TQ 760 960 101247


Saffron Walden Community Hospital, Radwinter Road (Saffron Walden Union Workhouse). The workhouse at Saffron Walden was built in 1831 for 311 people. Of local stock brick, it follows the standard Kempthorne type of cruciform plan and is largely of three storeys with round-arched windows. There have been relatively few alterations to the main buildings, although modern additions have been erected in the grounds. It became a hospital under the National Health Service (NHS) and remained in use as such in 1992. TL 550 386 101342

Saffron Walden District Infirmary TL 540 360 102800

Saffron Walden General Hospital, London Road (Saffron Walden Hospital;  Uttlesford District Council Offices). A fine High Victorian Gothic building, this general hospital was built in 1865-6 to designs by William Beck. A two-storey-and-attic building, it is of red brick, with dressings of gault brick and stone, and has many fine decorative elements. Subsequent additions to the hospital were demolished when the site was redeveloped as council offices in the late 1980s. TL 536 379 101341


Southend Hospital, Prittlewell Chase (Southend General Hospital). This large general hospital, built in 1929-32, replaced an earlier cottage hospital which had been built to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee in 1887. Adams, Holden and Pearson prepared plans for the new hospital, which were notable for their departure from the standard pavilion-plan, with the beds placed parallel to the window walls. TQ 864 873 101249

Southend Victoria Hospital (Southend Victoria Hospital and District Nursing Institution) TQ 885 857 101416

Westcliffe Hospital, Balmoral Road (Southend Borough Sanatorium). This small urban isolation hospital opened in c.1893, on the outskirts of town, was enlarged in 1895 and has subsequently been added to at regular intervals. The site, now closely surrounded by residential property, is largely disused, and includes four single-storey brick ward pavilions (of various dates), out-buildings (c.1895), an administration block (1913) and a nurses’ home (1930-31). TQ 873 862 101248


Ongar Union Workhouse (Ongar Hundred Workhouse; latterly Piggott Brothers &c Co. Ltd) TL 541 002 100725


South Ockendon Hospital (South Ockendon Colony for Mental Defectives) TQ 597 824 101370

Thurrock Hospital (Orsett JHB Isolation Hospital; Orsett JHB Isolation Hospital and Sanatorium) TQ 622 801 102799

Tilbury Cottage Hospital (demolished), St Andrew’s Road, Tilbury Docks. A small, mainly single-storey cottage hospital, provided for the poor people of Tilbury and Grays by John Passmore Edwards. It was designed by Rowland Plumbe and opened in 1896 with 8 beds. The hospital acquired the dimensions of a general hospital in the 1920s, when an out-patients’ department, operating-theatre block, nurses’ quarters and new male and female ward blocks were added.  TQ 639 759 101369


High Beech Convalescent Home TQ 410 980 101425

Waltham Abbey Isolation Hospital (largely demolished), Honey Lane (Waltham Joint Hospital for Infectious Diseases). An isolation hospital comprising three single-storey ward blocks providing 24 beds, an administration building, a combined laundry and mortuary, and an entrance gate lodge, was designed jointly by Walter Stair and Herbert Tooley and erected just outside Waltham Abbey in 1902-5. A further 16-bed ward pavilion was added in 1907. The hospital was extended further in 1937 when three new ward pavilions and a cubicle block were added and the existing wards improved. At the same time the administration block was enlarged (incorporating the old laundry) and a nurses’ home, medical officer’s house, staff cottages and new service buildings were added. The architects of the expansion were Tooley and Foster. All the hospital buildings have been demolished and replaced by a new housing estate; only the house and two cottages remain.  TL 401 001 101337


Bridge Hospital, Hatfield Road (Witham Union Workhouse). A typical workhouse of the Scott and Moffat type, built in c.1839 of red brick with stone dressings. The entrance block was of one storey in a handsome classical style with round-arched windows and a pedimented central archway which led through to the main workhouse building. This was of three storeys with a characteristic four-storey octagonal tower at the centre containing the main entrance. At some time in the later nineteenth century the workhouse was transferred to the South Metropolitan School District Board. From 1901-1908 it was used by the Metropolitan Asylums Board (MAB) as a school for children with ringworm and after that it was converted by the MAB into a working colony for handicapped adolescent boys. In 1948 it was transferred to the National Health Service (NHS). TL 815 140 101242